Network equipment is divided into two categories: active and passive network equipment. The active networking hardware includes switch, routers, access point, hub, print server, and bridge. The passive networking hardware includes cables, connectors, coaxial cable, clutches, and wireless antenna.
The active networking hardware
The active networking hardware includes all parts of a computer network that work with the signals in the network and modify, amplify, or evaluate them.
The Switch comforts the sharing of resources by connecting all the devices such as printers, computers, printers, and servers.
The router connects several switches, and their respective networks, to form a more extensive network.
The access point is a networking hardware device for communicating between computers on wireless networks.
The modem is a hardware device that connects a computer or router to a network. A modem on the other end converts the analog signal back to a digital signal.
The hub is a network hardware device used for making them act as a single network segment and connecting multiple Ethernet devices.
The passive networking hardware
The passive networking hardware is the main part of a computer network that is involved in data transmission in the network but it doesn't affect or change the data.
Networking cables are used to connect two or more computers to share printers and etc or connect one network device to other network devices.
The connector is a device that finishes a segment of cabling or prepares a point of entry for networking devices like computers, hubs, and routers.
The large type of coaxial cable is the central part of the passive network, and the small model is used at shorter distances for workstations.
Wireless antennas, signal drops, and speed reduction are used to increase the distance between transmitter and receiver waves.
Network Equipment Properties
Always On: Network equipment is “always on” and thus subject to advanced persistent threats (APTs).
High Longevity: Network Equipment has a high longevity, and that is why they work in the network for many years without any damage and can be used safely.
Unattended Operation: Network equipment often must boot and operate without manual intervention for a long time.
Privacy Protection: Network equipment has an important role in protecting the privacy of users.